Radical Skincare Advanced Peptide Antioxidant Serum ($119, sephora.com). Ultraviolet light is a form of radiation—that people most often come in direct contact with through tanning beds—which has proven to be both beneficial (lookin’ at you, vitamin D) and detrimental to our health. Additionally, leaving makeup on the face could lead to inflammation, which can generate free radicals.”. Dr. Dennis Gross Skincare Ferulic Acid + Retinol Brightening Solution ($88, dgskincare.com), An antioxidant is a beauty buzzword that shows no sign of slowing down, and for good reason. Some of those active ingredients that work to cure your skin issues should never be mixed with one another. Retinol and hyaluronic acid are both powerful at improving skin, so using them together can really amp up their effectiveness. So to provide you with the skincare knowledge you need, we’re going to expose the ingredients that perform as promised and a few that crack under product pressure. We spoke with Dendy E. Engelman of Manhattan Dermatology & Cosmetic Surgery, and Dr. Dennis Gross MD Founder of Dennis Gross Dermatology, to help ensure your products are as effective as they were intended to be. AHAs (glycolic and lactic acid) and BHA (salicylic acid) are all powerful exfoliants. “This helps protect the skin from the damaging effects of UV radiation, as well as from free radicals from other sources such as pollution.” Save your retinoids for the night routine, especially since they are usually degraded by sunlight. “If you are using a topical retinoid regularly, you may notice that your skin is sensitive and you may not be able to tolerate other potentially irritating or exfoliating products like alpha and beta hydroxy acids.”. Rightfully so, I can personally attest to its exfoliating powers, but knowing what not to mix with retinol is arguably as important as the ingredient itself. It’s also worth mentioning that both are potentially irritating, depending on how sensitive your skin is, so there’s a chance you won’t even be able to tolerate both. Retinoids are equally beneficial for acne-prone skin, but you risk deactivating its formulation if you mix with apply with benzoyl peroxide. The severity of our sunspots can be reduced with the use of a broad-spectrum sunblock and added SPF 15 at the minimum. [However], most formulations have now been proven to be stable in the presence of BPO, but consult with your doctor to ensure that is the case with your specific brand.”. The difference between a salicylic and glycolic acid is that a salicylic is considered a beta-hydroxy acid, which is an organic compound that fights aging, and sloughs off dead skin cells. There are a number of skincare products which shouldn't be mixed with others While some can be … Please note that if you purchase something by clicking on a link within this story, we may receive a small commission of the sale. I recommend applying 5 drops in the morning before your moisturizer, followed by SPF,” suggests Dr. Engelman. After a months-long experiment with pineapple enzymes, I recently transitioned back to a vitamin C product—specifically the Vitabrid C12 Dual Drop Serum (obsessed BTW! In addition to the brand’s exclusive Retinol Tri-Active technology, this just-released moisturizer is also enriched with peptides, another powerhouse ingredient proven to firm and smooth-out skin. Once your collagen levels decline, the pore does not snap back as easily once it has been enlarged. copyright 2020 © all rights reserved by stylecaster, been some concerns that the acidic pH needed for vitamin C absorption could contribute to the degradation of retinol.”. Just remember, your retinoid is applied at night and your SPF is to be applied in the morning.”. With retinol, start 1-2 times a week at first for a few weeks, and gradually increase if needed. However, dermatologist Patricia Wexler says that layering harsh products like these can cause … Furthermore, mixing retinol with acidic products, according to Professor Leslie Baumann, neutralises the activity of retinol rendering it far less effective. First, let’s go over some basics. So, can you use glycolic acid and retinol together? Tata Harper Nourishing Cleansing Oil ($80, sephora.com), Do Mix: “A product’s efficacy is based on how well it’s formulated to target a specific area. Multiple acids (glycolic + salicylic, glycolic + lactic, etc.) An acid is still an acid, even when it gets a glow-y makeover and rebrands itself as a vitamin. Vitamin C minimizes imperfections in the skin including uneven skin tone, hyperpigmentation, and can reduce the appearance of acne scars. If you're applying the product to your face and neck, use a pea- or marble-size amount spread evenly over the area. If you’re not concerned about anti-aging yet, you can still benefit from using a retinol. You don’t only mix retinol with salicylic acid. “It is ok to use both of these ingredients if your skin tolerates them, but use the benzoyl peroxide in the mornings and use the retinoid at bedtime,” says Dr. King. If you regularly visit a dermatologist, you … With that being said, experience and plenty of group chats have taught me that multi-step routines still reign supreme, leaving plenty of room for error if it includes retinol. When contact is made with the skin, it helps to weaken and reduce the amount of acne-causing bacteria, ultimately drying your skin in the process. Like salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide is a widely-used and recommended ingredient for targeting blemishes and various types of acne. Gross. Moisturizer and SPF with Retinol/Retinoid, Salicylic or Glycolic Acids, A daily moisturizer is essential to any skincare regimen, even if you’re not mixing ingredients. No matter how much you educate yourself and read labels, chances are you’re not entirely sure what you’re slathering onto your skin every day. Gross explains that the “sun is our skin’s worst enemy when it comes to causing signs of premature aging.” Since sun damage can occur even in short periods of sun exposure, it’s a great idea to make applying it every morning second nature, like brushing your teeth. glycolic acid/lactic acid) because they can inactivate the retinoid. Philosophy Miracle Worker Retinoid Eye Repair Cream ($79, sephora.com). You might just do 2+3 or 1+3+4, 1+1 or 1+2. Here, we get into the why and the how, and whether it’s a good idea for your skin’s particular needs right now. Irritation: First of all, there's more risk of irritation when you're using two strong exfoliators at the same time. You should only combine retinoids with benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid using extreme caution. This multi-tasking ingredient also addresses acne and uneven skin tone. Apply the retinoid onto the skin first, then moisturize on top. For those who want to see less wrinkles and lines on their face (or prevent it from happening sooner than later), it’s an absolute must-have. So hopefully you will start looking at your vanity in a new light, start asking your dermatologist the right questions and become more discerning when it comes to your skincare ingredients. I have been saying for many years on this blog that you cannot use acids and retinoids together. “Retinol can deliver increased collagen production at prescription strength, improve tone and even skin’s texture,” adds Dr. Lain. Retinol and vitamin C used together are a bit like a sweet & sour mix with relationship tension. Retinol and vitamin C combo products are still relatively scarce, albeit some well-known formulas like Kate Somerville’s moisturizer. According to Dr. Baumann: Retinoids should not be mixed with BHA (i.e. So in theory, adding an antioxidant serum that helps combat those chemicals and bad beauty habits is a recipe for radiance. August 14, 2019. Dr. And when combined with skin-brightening products without added SPF, you’re looking at a recipe for disaster, or as Dr. This can be in a toner or serum form. Sure, most experts will tell you it’s important to at least cleanse, tone and moisturize (with SPF) every day. A retinoid has a higher concentration of the active ingredient (retinoic acid) compared to a minor concentration as found in a retinol. Or you can use salicylic acid every morning and alternate benzoyl peroxide and retinoids at night. Clinique Acne Solutions Clinical Clearing Gel ($30, clinique.com), Do Not Mix: So if you’re looking for a conclusive skin fix, swearing by your vitamins is a foolproof solution. Ultimately, you have to take social media advice with a grain of salt and simply find a routine that works specifically for you. Remember, thinnest / clearest to heaviest / opaque. Sun Protection Factor, or SPF, protects your skin against harmful UVA and UVB rays. When using a retinol, AHA or other exfoliating product, it’s important to replenish hydration back into the skin. So what should you do if you don’t have a combo product, but still want two separate ones in your routine? If you deny your skin of moisture, over-exfoliate and use astringent excessively, you will over-strip your skin.”, To further that, Dr. Engelman reminds us that “if you’re using a retinol/retinoid, moisturizing is a must. When using hyaluronic acid and retinol, apply retinol first, then hyaluronic acid. Dr. Engelman notes that, “Some of the older retinoids are not stable in UV light, so that is one of the reasons why they were recommended to only be applied at night.” If you’re looking to play it safe, and you’re catching rays all day long, just avoid this active ingredient all together. Murad Essential-C Day Moisture Broad Spectrum SPF 30 PA+++ ($63, sephora.com). Retinol helps reduce visible skin aging while Salicylic Acid clears up breakouts, but using them at the same time can cause irritation. Vitamin E defends against and disables free radicals made by the body. Remember to take your vitamins, or rather slather them on. Over time, your skin will get tolerant of these side effects.”, Similarly, Dr. Engelman notes that “if you’re working with salicylic or glycolic acid, they need to be coupled with some sort of moisturizer or lotion to combat the drying effects that they can have on the skin. Together, they penetrate into the different phases of the skin and neutralize free radicals in their path.”. Whatever works best for your skin. When combined with a retinol, you would create “a unique delivery system that makes Retinol work even better. Applying a retinol right over an acid diminishes the effectiveness of both ingredients. When the makeup becomes impacted in pores, it makes them appear larger. Why Acids and Retinol Don’t Mix. If you’re still on the hunt for that miracle product that contains both ingredients, Dr. Engelman explains that, “Adapalene and is a very effective acne treatment that is applied once daily and contains both a retinoid and BPO.” Although, if you’re worried about possible skin irritating side effects, best practice suggests choosing one or the other, and working that into your skincare regimen. So if you’re planning on spending some quality time outdoors, work in moisturizer and sun specific makeup with SPF for added protection. Like salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide is a widely-used and recommended ingredient for targeting blemishes and various types of acne. With salicylic acid being present in the formula at high concentration, combining it with other acidic and high strength formula may increase the sensitivity of the skin. Dr. Engelman explains, “the retinoid effect is that it enhances cell turnover and thus makes skin more prone to UV radiation. This study compared the absorption of AHAs at pH 3.0 and 7.0, and found that the higher the pH, the less the skin absorbs. As mentioned above, retinol can be too much when paired with acids, but be wary of layering them with vitamin C, too. Just remember, antioxidant serums should not be your remedy if you’ve been neglecting your skincare regime, but if you’ve had a few late nights, these serums will forgive you. Just be sure to layer with an SPF when applying in the morning. Do Not Mix: Like vitamin C and benzoyl peroxide, there are over-the-counter products that include both retinol and alpha or beta-hydroxy acids. She notes that the effect “can be too drying for the skin, but if your skin can handle the two in tandem, then stick to a salicylic acid wash (which will obviously only have short contact with the skin before being washed away) or a spot treatment, and use the retinol and/or retinoid on the entire face.” If it’s acne-free skin sans irritation you’re after, choosing sides is a must. These skin fixes have the ability to strip away our moisture, leaving us with dry and flaky skin. Gross. Retinol is sweet and works best at a pH of 5.5-6, vitamin C is sour and works its best at a pH of <3.5. This particular acid performs with the top layer of the skin, ultimately crippling dead skin cells. Dr. Our mission at STYLECASTER is to bring style to the people, and we only feature products we think you’ll love as much as we do. On the flip side, “When you are applying products to help to improve your complexion, the last thing you want is to apply products that don’t work when in tandem, and actually inactivate the effects of one another,” said Dr. Engelman. Kate Somerville made waves when she debuted this rich moisturizer, infused with both vitamin C and retinol for brighter and smoother skin. )—and my skin is thanking me for it. salicylic acid) or AHA (i.e. Why can´t I use The Ordinary Buffet with Acids & Vitamin C? Clearogen Benzoyl Peroxide Acne Lotion, ($33, sephora.com), Do Not Mix: Can you mix Retinol or AHAs + Hyaluronic Acid in your skin care routine? Note that “no single ingredient has a monopoly. Niacinamide and azelaic acid are things you could use daily, it just depends on what products you are using and concentrations (for the acid). The brand’s latest face patches are infused with retinol, vitamin C and peptides to diminish fine lines with continued use. Products work when they penetrate the skin, target an area and are formulated in such a way that they can get there,” notes Dr. However, recent studies have shown that retinol maintained its effects when paired with vitamin C. “Plus, some studies have shown that combining retinol with vitamin C or another antioxidant may help stabilize it,” says Dr. King. However, keep in mind that these have been specially formulated for stability. Finding the correct acne treatment for your skin can be a challenge. Gross. Beer before liquor, never been sicker. Glycolic acid is an alpha-hydroxy acid, a chemical component that is small enough to penetrate the skin with ease, and is also used to treat acne. Salicylic acid and retinol are medications that can help clear acne. Retinol is often name-dropped as the cure to a ton of skin concerns including hyperpigmentation and signs of aging. “There are some combination products that contain both benzoyl peroxide and a retinoid and these have been specially formulated for stability (eg Epiduo).”. Up until recently, Dr. King says there had “been some concerns that the acidic pH needed for vitamin C absorption could contribute to the degradation of retinol.”. Salicylic/Glycolic Acid with Retinols and Retinoids First, let’s go over some basics. Acid is touted as a skincare game-changer, but knowing which are best for you can be tricky. It is ok to use these products if your skin tolerates them, but use them in the mornings and use the retinoid at bedtime,” says Dr. King. The pH optimal for retinol esterification (a process necessary for its activation in the skin) is between 5.5-6.0, as mentioned in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology. A retinoid and retinol are close cousins, but they’re not sisters. “Alpha and beta hydroxy acids may make some topical retinoid formulations less effective because of the pH. Stronger and better, together. Secondly, Retinol & Vitamin C just don’t work well together. Dr. Gross. Not only are they synergistic, but Vitamin C is water-soluble, while vitamin E is lipid-soluble. Combining multiple ingredients not only helps decrease irritation, but also provides multiple benefits,” says Dr. Spots on the skin are actually our skin’s defensive reaction to the sun, but if protected, less melanin pigment will be produced,” he continued. To help the azelaic acid absorb and perform even more effectively, Fusco recommends applying your AHA (like glycolic or lactic acid), BHA (salicylic acid), or retinol first to open up the skin and accept the azelaic acid more readily. Gross points out that adding these three vitamins into your skincare routine would help to prevent collagen breakdown. If you regularly visit a dermatologist, you may have been prescribed medication with BZ in it or perhaps you have an OTC spot treatment or acne dot that utilizes its anti-inflammatory benefits. Before we get down to brass tacks, it’s important to know that there is no one way for all of us to take care of our skin. If you decide to combine this masque with other direct acids, we recommend you perform a patch test of the combination prior to full facial application. Ferulic Acid can be found in several foods and beverages, including coffee, oranges and apples. (AKA L-ascorbic acid.) Dr. Retinoids can be inherently irritating to the skin, and moisturizers help to calm and hydrate the skin to combat that effect. From acids to retinol: Why you should NEVER mix some skincare products together. Times are changing, and products are much more advanced than ever before, but there are still certain ingredients that cancel each other out. Don’t mix Salicylic Acid with… AHAs and Retinol. If you have dry or sensitive skin, it is best to only use glycolic acid at first (10% strength or less). Hyaluronic Acid is great for this, as it draws moisture into the skin and keeps it there helping it feel plump and comfortable. Again, everyone’s skin is different, so if something doesn’t feel right…something is probably wrong. “Vitamin A helps to smooth lines and wrinkles while increasing moisture and elasticity. Once this regimen has been maintained for weeks, you can begin a topical acid once weekly on a night you’re not using the retinoid. You also mix the preservatives, the stabilizers, the buffers, the additional ingredients in both products. Just place over any part of your face, go to sleep and remove in the AM. If you’re working with two separate products, they will need to be used at different times. If you’re not completely satisfied with your current retinol product, here are some newer formulas to peruse. While we previously outlined the proper way to layer your skincare products, leading off with the thinnest consistency, there are even more rules to take into consideration when it comes to what you’re using. Because I don’t want any of our money to go to waste—retinol can be affordable or expensive, depending on your preference—I asked board-certified dermatologist, Dr. Hadley King, for a quick refresher on the other commonly used ingredients I should keep far from my night serum. Glycolic, lactic, and salicylic acids, for example. And although helpful on their own, when mixed and matched topically, they can create a recipe for redness. Either way, using both an acid and retinol can exponentially increase irritation and dryness. Don’t mix Vitamin C with… Copper Peptides and AHAs. "It doesn't play nicely with a salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide. So we must protect against this by wearing daily sunscreen with an SPF 30 or higher. A retinoid and retinol are close cousins, but they’re not sisters. Note that vitamin C and vitamin E are both important to apply topically everyday in your cocktail. Salicylic acid (also known as beta hydroxy acid, or BHA) and retinol can do serious magic for skin, and there’s no better time to pair them together — for a few reasons. You can use glycolic acid (or other alpha hydroxy acids) and retinol together if you have oily or normal skin. Why You Shouldn't Mix the Two "Retinol is extremely unstable," Dr. Zeichner said. Salicylic Acid Regarded by many as the main player in BHAs, salicylic acid dives deep into congested skin to relieve clogged pores and blackheads while reducing bacterial growth. So next time you are thinking about your skin care products, cast your eye over the ingredients list before committing them to your regular routine. That’s why it becomes risky. Using salicylic acid and retinol at the same time causes dryness and redness. Josie Maran Argan Daily Moisturizer SPF 47 Protect + Perfect ($45, sephora.com), 2020 St. Joseph Media All Rights Reserved. This is why I personally feel it is not worth the risk of combining the two. $4.99 Try Clean & Clear Persa-Gel 10 I recommend you put on benzoyl peroxide in the morning and use salicylic acid and retinoids at night. And in order to clear your skin, you’re going to have to give before you can take. In between those unpronounceable ingredient lists, skin sensitivities, and new “It” ingredients, skincare has a way of radiating an air of hopeless allure. Retinol before Salicylic Acid, never been flakier. So glycolic acid, salicyclic acid, and other alpha and beta hydroxy acids should be fine. Note, the retinoid effect lasts for days after application, so it’s best to make sure to protect daily, and not just the day you’ve used retinol. So unless your skin is uncommonly oily, Dr. Engelman advises against using a salicylic and glycolic acid product on the same day as your retinols and retinoids. Benzoyl Peroxide is a topical quick fix for skin conditions such as acne. Here, Barankin breaks down the main players and … “I recommend using a vitamin C serum, like the GoodJanes Face Latte Serum, in the morning, followed by a product with SPF, like the ALASTIN HydraTint Pro Mineral Sunscreen,” says Dr. King. And if you happen to be using a routine retinol or retinoid, using a daily SPF is imperative. Benzoyl Peroxide (BPO) and Retinols, Well, maybe. The Best K-Beauty Gifts Everyone On Your List Will... Kylie Jenner's Rose Gold Electric Toothbrush Is On... You’ll be hard-pressed to find skincare advice on the Internet that doesn’t namedrop retinol at least once. When you mix them together, the niacinamide will raise the pH of the acid. Reviews Skin Care. Retinol + AHAs/BHA. This is the order, but it doesn’t mean you have to always use all 4 of them, 1+2+3+4. In bold you can see numbers (as above) which hopefully will help you understand how to layer The Ordinary. Retinol (a form of vitamin A), can accelerate cellular turnover (that’s scientific lingo for speeding up your skin’s natural exfoliating process). So if you’re looking to banish your dark spots, start at the source and swear by SPF. Retinol is the queen bee of the beauty world, and as skin care royalty, she doesn’t mix with just anyone. Stop sabotaging your spring skin efforts, and learn the rules and regulations of mixing. I even consulted with Dr. Leslie Baumann who said “Retinoids should not be mixed with BHA (salicylic acid) or AHA (glycolic acid) because the BHA and AHA can inactivate the retinoid. So “antioxidant serums are a wonderful addition to our skincare regimen in the defence against ultraviolet radiation as well as environmental assaults, such as pollution. Gross points out, “a paradox,” simply because “these same products used to lighten the skin could possibly intensify the darkness in a hyper-pigmented area because, they increase photosensitivity which can irritate the skin. Before we get into the "how," I want to briefly touch on the "why"—the reason you shouldn't use retinol and acids at the same time. But even some of those steps are debated in lengthy Twitter threads and Instagram comments. According to Elle magazine, dermatologist Jenny Kim says that while salicylic acid works to kill pimple-causing bacteria, retinol removes the upper layers of skin to get rid of pimples and scars and smooth your overall complexion. Exfoliators and Skin Brightening Products. These are the dos and don’ts of mixing and matching your ingredients. Don’t mix Retinol with… most active ingredients but mainly AHAs like Glycolic Acid. Truth is, you CAN use them together – if you use the right product and follow our expert tips. That means you'd be missing out on all the benefits your acid has to offer. Try salicylic acid in an allover toner or cream to prevent breakouts, or on pimples if you have sensitive skin—it's gentler than benzoyl, explains Wechsler. Fresh Soy Face Exfoliant ($49, sephora.com), Do Not Mix: So get back what you lost and create a canvas that your dermatologist would be proud of. For example, if you use a salicylic acid-based cleanser, make sure that this ingredient isn’t in your toner or moisturizer. They’re clunky. These powerful antioxidants can work together to create a wondrous effect on your complexion. Gross says, “if you don’t remove makeup before bed, you will clog your pores. Exfoliation involves the removal of dead skin cells, which results in softer and smoother skin. A retinoid has a higher concentration of the active ingredient (retinoic acid) compared to a minor concentration as found in a retinol. Especially if you’re young, you do not need to be applying this every night. Dr. Engelman notes that, “They have historically been said to not be used at the same time because the BPO can inactivate the retinoid effect. If your skin is oily and acne-prone, use an oil-free moisturizer to add back the hydration that could be stripped away.”.
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